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Samarbetande skrivande

Konsten att samskriva

Att bemästra akademiskt skrivande kan vara utmanande. Förstaårsstudenter brottas ofta med att förstå kraven och strategierna för att producera vetenskapliga texter. När studenter ombeds att samarbeta kring texter så stöter de på ytterligare utmaningar. Idag har samförfattande av texter blivit en vanlig praxis inom högre utbildning, och studenter förväntas därmed inte bara bemästra digitala verktyg och samarbeta online, utan även ta ansvar för samarbete i skrivprocessen.

I vår profession som universitetslärare har vi noterat att samförfattande av texter antingen kan fungera som en möjlighet att utveckla allas skrivfärdigheter eller bli till en börda för de inblandade. Därför har vi inom projektet ORWELL producerat fem korta videor för att stödja studenter när de ska börja en samarbetsbaserad skrivprocess. Innehållet i videorna är baserat på relevant forskningslitteratur men även på omfattande intervjuer samt insamlade enkäter från studenter. Vi fann att vi inte kan bortse från de sociala och emotionella aspekterna av samarbete. En nyckelaspekt för ett lyckat samarbete i skrivprocessen visade sig vara transparent kommunikation kombinerat med respektfulla attityder gentemot varandra.

För att sammanfatta, videorna ger inte skrivtips; de tillhandahåller verktyg som studenterna kan använda för att lägga en grund för samskrivande.

Video 1. Syftet med samskrivande

  • Presenterar argument för samskrivande
  • Ger exempel på fördelar med samskrivande

Video 2. Den professionella studenten.

  • Förklarar några generella utgångspunkter för ett lyckat samarbet
  • Talar om det individuella ansvaret
  • Listar önskvärda beteende och attituder

Video 3. Att matcha med en skrivarpartner. (Dokumentet Matcha med skrivpartner bör användas i nära anslutning till denna video)

  • Förklarar vikten av att sätta upp ett kontrakt på förhand
  • Visar “matchingsblanketten” (som ska användas av studenter)
  • Visar hur matchningsblanketten utgör en en bas för ett kontrakt

Video 4. Digital samarbete vid skrivande

  • Exemplifierar hur digitala verktyg kan vara både störande och stöttande
  • Ger exempel på olika digitala verktg för samarbete; för skrivande, för diskuterande eller för utbyte av idéer

Video 5. DocuViz – ett verktyg för att visualisera redigeringsarbetet

  • Presenterar en plug-in som kan användas ihop med Google Docs
  • Ger exempl på hur man kan tolka graferna som produceras av samma plug-in
Orwell Project by WIDE Services
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